John A. Carlton, and his brother, Benajah enlisted for a period of one year on March 8, 1862 at Fort Pillow, TN. They were both a part of the 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery Unit. After the regiment was organized, it was embarked on the Steamer Golden Age on June 2, 1862, for Vicksburg. Here it came under the command of Brigadier General M. L. Smith. On June 18, 1862, he ordered the regiment temporarily consolidated into four companies. John and Benajah were in Company B. Shortly after the reorganization, the regiment was engaged in a heavy bombardment on June 28, 1862, and again from July 12-27, 1862. John A. Carlton and his brother, Benajah were both sent to the hospital at Mississippi Springs to recuperate from either injuries or sickness. John arrived at Mississippi Springs 31 August 1862, Benajah arrived in October 1862. John received a furlough from the surgeon in December 1862, and apparently was well enough to go home. He is listed as deserted as of December 1862. Whether John and Benajah were injured or sick is unknown, but obviously the Nuns that set up the hospital at Mississippi Springs kept them alive. Both men lived beyond the war, and became Ministers of the Gospel.
I found this excerpt about the hospital at Mississippi Springs on Google Books. “The Southern experiences were even more difficult, and the sisters laboring there rarely had a chance to stay long even in a makeshift hospital. This situation undoubtedly added to the sister’s work as well as their frustrations. For example, arriving at Mississippi Springs, Mississippi, to hastily set up a hospital for the sick soldiers being hurried out of Vicksburg, the Sisters of Mercy found that the assigned house was dirty, neglected, and entirely unfurnished. Further, the mattresses had been burned on the railroad cars coming out because they were contaminated, and the sisters lacked the necessary equipment or supplies for cooking. After describing their plight, the sister recorder added, with characteristic compassion of all sisters, that “the sisters suffered much in seeing the sick suffer.” ~ Sister Mary Denis Maher, To Bind Up the Wounds: Catholic Sister Nurses in the U.S. Civil War (LSU Press edition published by arrangement with the author, 1989)
“The Golden Age was a confederate side-wheel steamer 180 feet in length, beam 32 feet, depth 6 feet 6 inches. It was built in 1858 at Pittsburgh, Pa. It was sunk with the R. J. Lockland, John Walsh, and Scotland to act as an obstruction in the Yazoo River in May 1863 about 15 miles below Fort Pemberton to block advancing Union vessels. The Union forces burned the vessel above the waterline. It was removed by the U. S. Corps of Engineers in 1878-79”. ~ W. Craig Gaines, Encyclopedia of Civil War Shipwrecks (US: Louisiana State University Press, 2008)
Civil War Marker marking the spot where Company B fought during the Battle of Vicksburg. John and Benajah had already gone home by the time the actual Battle of Vicksburg, though both had defended the city in fighting leading up to them being sent to Mississippi Spring
John A. Carlton family-showing part of his 21 children